Blog > 2021
Oasis Pro deal will give developing world better access to financial markets
Partnership aims to break dominance banks have on low-risk investment from primary bond markets
26 September 2021 2 mins read
IOHK and Oasis Pro have formed a ground-breaking partnership to develop an alternative trading system that will use blockchain technology to open up participation in primary bond markets to developing countries.
The two companies are joining forces to create a bond issuance platform. Oasis Pro is the parent company of Oasis Pro Markets, which already operates a multi-asset alternative trading system called OATSPRO in the US. This allows secondary trading of public and private multi-asset digital securities.
The Oasis Pro technology facilitates digital cash for digital securities transactions, and by using the Cardano blockchain to remove the need for intermediaries such as banks from the process, trading fees will be cut by half. The combined platform provides a viable and secure financing alternative for governments of developing nations.
With recent reductions in foreign aid and investment, many governments are struggling to access capital. By integrating OATSPRO technology with users of Cardano’s ada cryptocurrency – with a market capitalization of $70 billion – a new source of foreign investment can be tapped for crucial infrastructure projects.
John O’Connor, director of African operations at IO Global, said: ‘At IO Global, our mission is to build systems which widen and democratize access to vital financial and social services, for both governments and citizens alike. This was the drive for our partnership with the Ethiopian Ministry of Education this year to bring provable educational credentials to students and teachers across the country, and is the same for our work with Oasis.
‘Systems like the one Oasis is developing are essential to bridge the growing global investment gap and give developing nations the tools to level the playing field and invest in critical infrastructure.’
Pat LaVecchia, chief executive of Oasis, said: ‘Developing nations often lack the access to overseas capital that other nations have. We want to ensure that this changes. IO Global’s vision to democratize opportunity aligns closely with our desire to ensure access to financial markets for developing nations, and this partnership represents a key step in enabling greater accessibility to international capital markets for those that require it.’
Cardano fund injecting $6m to support Africa’s pioneers
Investment will help entrepreneurs capitalize on lack of barriers from legacy infrastructure
25 September 2021 2 mins read
A new fund in Africa is investing $6m to finance the most innovative blockchain projects on the continent. The fund was created in recognition of the unique opportunities for innovation in Africa, which has the highest percentage of entrepreneurs of any continent.
The fund focuses on blockchain technology because the lack of deeply embedded legacy infrastructure means that African governments and businesses have fewer obstacles to adopting next-generation technology than the West. This opportunity can potentially level the global playing field when it comes to offering game-changing blockchain-based products and services.
The unique fund will offer capital to the most innovative African start-ups wishing to build on Cardano, the third-largest blockchain platform. IOHK will ensure successful projects benefit from teaching, financing, and sustained support in partnership with the fund.
IOHK works across the continent providing education and innovation in formal programming techniques. The company has a strong presence in Ethiopia – and is currently rolling out a system for verifiable education credentials to five million students and teachers in partnership with the Ethiopian government.
Having been embedded in Africa for five years and in collaboration with investment and education companies on the ground, IOHK will be well placed to ensure that the projects most needed for the region’s development get the funding and support they require.
John O’Connor, director of African operations, said: ‘Working with businesses in Africa I have encountered the most inspirational entrepreneurial spirit. At Input Output we believe in democratizing opportunity, which means giving equal access to funding to realize these innovative ideas, solving problems across the world.
‘This investment project marks a milestone in Input Output’s African development, enabling young ideas to flourish and capitalize on the opportunities provided by blockchain.’
Cardano to integrate Chainlink oracles for real-time market data
Our new collaboration will add additional support for developers building smart contracts for Cardano DeFi applications
25 September 2021 4 mins read
At the heart of the potential of DeFi and RealFi is the use of blockchain-based peer-to-peer technology to build reliable and transparent financial products using oracles and smart contracts. During today’s Cardano Summit, we announced an exciting new strategic collaboration with Chainlink Labs that will help developers build smart contracts for Cardano DeFi applications.
Access to real-world databases will be supplied through Chainlink’s decentralized ‘oracle’ networks which provide tamper-proof, high-quality external data to blockchains, enabling ‘smart contracts’ to execute around datasets such as election results, sports stats, and cryptocurrency rates. Another example that might be quite useful is in the provision of weather data. Chainlink Labs works with several FinTech startups that are trying to enable parametric insurance in sub-Saharan Africa. Secure, verifiable and robust weather data is a key input required for such parametric insurance contracts.
Chainlink provides oracle services to power hybrid smart contracts on any blockchain. Chainlink oracle networks enable smart contracts to reliably connect to any external API, leveraging secure off-chain computations for feature-rich applications. Chainlink currently secures tens of billions of dollars across DeFi, insurance, gaming, and other major industries, offering global enterprises and leading data providers a universal gateway to all blockchains.
As the preferred oracle solution for Cardano, developers using the blockchain will be able to feed Chainlink’s institutional-grade data into their smart contracts – blockchain-based digital agreements that execute automatically once certain predefined conditions are met.
After market price feeds, support for other Chainlink decentralized services will follow: sports data for prediction markets, weather data for parametric insurance products, and verifiable randomness for gaming and digital collectables such as non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
This collaboration between IOHK and Chainlink Labs will give access to a wealth of secure data, helping DeFi achieve its promise of building a less costly and more inclusive global economic system. Initially, information feeds for real-time market prices will be linked to Cardano. Over time, additional data feeds on sports and weather will follow, for use with insurance, gaming, and NFTs.
IOHK Founder Charles Hoskinson said: “Oracles are essential to making real-world data accessible on Cardano and they support advanced smart contracts, such as DeFi applications.
“IOHK is committed to providing developers with the most secure and robust tooling for building useful solutions on Cardano, making it an easy choice to integrate Chainlink’s market-leading oracle solution.”
He added: “Not only will integrating Chainlink price feeds reduce the go-to-market time for Cardano developers, but it will establish a secure foundation for Cardano’s DeFi ecosystem, helping make Cardano more trusted by users around the world.”
Sergey Nazarov, co-founder of Chainlink, said: “We’re excited to leverage our extensive experience and expertise by establishing native support for Chainlink on the Cardano blockchain and supporting its next stage of growth into markets like DeFi and beyond.
“Similar to programming interfaces in web app development, developers building DeFi applications on Cardano will be able to plug-and-play Chainlink price feeds into their smart contracts to quickly gain access to high-quality, real-time price data on a wide range of assets while still maintaining robust security and uptime. Ultimately, this will empower developers on Cardano to build next-generation applications quicker and more securely.”
Niki Ariyasinghe, head of blockchain partnerships at Chainlink Labs, said: “We have a tremendous amount of respect for the Cardano ecosystem. Obviously for the technical team behind Cardano – IOG and so on – but also for the collaborative nature of the community as well."
Ariyasinghe added: "Cross-chain interoperability is another longer-term goal. This is really a framework for enabling bridges between different chains and enabling a multi-chain world. So this is something that we hope to collaborate on with the Cardano ecosystem as well.”
Luxury spirits brand chooses Cardano to verify alcohol supply chain
25 September 2021 2 mins read
Strait Brands, an Australian luxury spirits company, is embracing a blockchain-first approach to managing its alcohol supply chain. Set to deliver four million bottles before the end of 2022, the business will build its production process around the Cardano platform.
The partnership will see Strait Brands deploy a tamper-proof software system created by Input Output using Atala SCAN, which can record and store data securely and instantly verify the origins of products throughout the supply chain.
Philip Ridyard, founder of Strait Brands, said: 'Strait Brands is embarking on large-scale international distribution and, conscious of the challenges the industry faces, we decided to take a blockchain-first approach to production, ensuring industry-leading levels of safety and verifiability in our supply chain.
'Input Output is an essential partner in Strait Brands' pioneering movements in the alcohol industry, protecting the integrity of Strait vodkas, gins, and our new super-premium range, Badger Head.'
Fraud is a growing problem for the alcohol industry. Counterfeited, mislabeled, substituted or diluted products worth upwards of $40 billion a year are making their way to consumers.
Atala SCAN is reshaping the way the alcohol industry combats counterfeit products. By storing an authentic and secure record of ingredients throughout the production process, it can eradicate the possibility of either counterfeit or hazardous substances making their way onto the shelves.
SCAN is part of Input Output's Atala suite, which is already being used in the biggest blockchain partnership yet seen. The pioneering project with the Ethiopian education industry will provide five million pupils with instantly verifiable digital identities. These will be used to verify grades, monitor school performance and boost education and employment nationwide.
Bringing certified DApps to Cardano
We’ll unveil a new integrated approach at the Cardano Summit this weekend. Here’s a preview...
22 September 2021 6 mins read
The Alonzo upgrade has enabled the deployment of smart contracts, decentralized applications (DApps), and other applications on top of Cardano. All this is hugely significant for Cardano, as it will open Cardano to a whole new developer community whose creative drive will boost Cardano's utility and adoption.
Any new application ecosystem presents an enticing smorgasbord of exploration. Equally, an emergent ecosystem faces two key challenges at the beginning: discovery and quality assurance. Users need to be able to find the products they want to engage with, and do so with the reassurance of a certain baseline level of quality.
The influx of new, third-party applications also poses the inherent risk of inappropriate or malicious material, or content that it's simply not up to standard. So addressing discovery and quality assurance issues is key to early ecosystem growth.
We’ll offer a deeper dive into this important topic this weekend at the Cardano Summit. There, we shall introduce a certification program to assess applications developed on top of Cardano. And also those on the upcoming dAppStore we are developing.
DApp discovery on Cardano
The dAppStore – and we’ll preview a prototype at the Summit – is where developers will be able to upload their DApps running on Cardano and make them available to others in the. The store will provide a trusted, and democratized environment for developers to publish their DApps without facing censorship.
The Plutus dAppStore specifically addresses two barriers to entry:
- There currently is no formal discovery process for a DApp. Almost all discovery happens through organic or word-of-mouth means, or through social media marketing
- For end users, there is no consolidated view of all DApps available in a given ecosystem
Users will be able to access the Plutus dAppStore using a web browser. Think of the Plutus dAppStore as a 'storefront' for Cardano. The store displays the range of things that you can do on Cardano. A certification program gives users assurance about the behavior of any apps that they use, through automated logic checks, manual smart contract auditing, and formal verification.
Any DApp can exist on the store, whether certified or uncertified, but we will provide users with clear information about a particular DApp's certification status. The dAppStore seeks not to act as gatekeeper (or judge) but rather to provide a platform for transparent user assessment.
The crucial role of certification
The dAppStore is a shopfront. But aside from community validation, it offers no ‘baked in’ assurance. So this is where the second element comes in. The role of our certification program is the prevention of code-level security vulnerabilities. We shall achieve this by deploying different levels of ‘defense’.
There will be several tiers. At the simplest level, automated logic checks will enable us to detect certain types of malicious code. For example, these will be able to check if the contract does not contain a way for locked up funds to be recovered. In a well composed contract, locked funds need to be retrievable.
Beyond that, manual smart contract auditing will help us verify any DApp’s integrity. Ultimately full formal verification will test the mathematical model to prove that a smart contract satisfies the formal specification of its behavior.
Of course, any certification program is only as good as those who implement and run it. For this reason, we are partnering with some of the leading names in the functional programming space, who you will meet at the Summit.
Building on a secure foundation: Cardano itself
This certification effort builds on a blockchain that already provides more assurance than others like bitcoin or Ethereum. For example, tokens are built into the architecture of Cardano itself, rather than having to be provided by contracts, such as ERC20 on Ethereum. This eliminates any issues created by copying and modifying a contract to implement a new token.
Looking at the foundation of the chain, the Extended Unspent Transaction Output (eUTXO) accounting model is a fundamentally simpler – and more secure – model for a blockchain. Smart contracts in Plutus are functional programs, and the simple and verifiable semantics of functional languages underpins what we do with both automated testing and formal verification. We want to build a more secure foundation than other chains. Plutus is a functional language.
Also, Marlowe, our special-purpose language for finance, guarantees certain properties by design. For example, no Marlowe contract will retain assets after the contract has terminated. That is a property built into Marlowe, which does not require extra checks to be enforced. Because of its design, Marlowe also allows tools to automatically check that contracts have certain good properties by verifying every possible execution of the contract, without having to run it; this is something that general Plutus contracts cannot do.
Certification in the context of the Alonzo hard fork
At the Summit we’ll show examples of automated testing of smart contracts, which are components of DApps, rather than full DApps.
In the longer term, we would like to see user-designed tools, the deployment of those tools to the store, and the evolution of the Plutus dAppStore to include new features such as upvoting, reviews, and even Atala PRISM integration etc., giving users the opportunity to feed back on the range of DApps in the store.
Through our work on the Alonzo testnets, the Plutus Pioneer program, and of course Project Catalyst, we have already seen a host of projects starting to build on Cardano. As these projects start to come to market over the months ahead, user discovery and user trust in those DApps will be key. We are working with an open, decentralized ecosystem, so the usual rules of caveat emptor and ‘Do Your Own Research’ will of course continue to apply. But helping drive higher standards in certification and assurance will be key to accelerating the growth of a successful ecosystem on Cardano and ultimately, the widest possible user base.
Simon Thompson and Fernando Sanchez also contributed to this piece.
Join us at the Summit on 25-26 September to learn more about this exciting new initiative and see a demo of the dAppStore prototype.
26 September 2021
25 September 2021
25 September 2021